The Polyvagal Theory, as introduced by Dr. Stephen Porges, has been instrumental in Dr. Rubin’s formulating many of his current ideas. Dr Rubin recently revisited the thoughts from this astounding book, especially in consideration of where our species is going. Are we really evolving? Are we as human race moving up to the next level, or are we downshifting? Dr. Rubin asks that you be the judge.